TNPSC TNSCERT HISTORY NOTES | 12TH HISTORY | Advent of Gandhi and Mass Mobilisation

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Advent of Gandhi and Mass Mobilisation

  1. When was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi born?

2 October 1869

  1. Where was Gandhi born?

Porbandar, Gujarat

  1. When did Gandhi return to India from South Africa?


  1. Whom did Gandhi accept as his political guru?

 Gopal Krishna Gokhale

  1. For how many years was Gandhi away from India?

20 Years

  1. On whose advice did Gandhi return to India?

 Gopal Krishna Gokhale

  1. Where did Gandhi establish Sabarmati Ashram?


  1. Through which movement did Gandhi make his first attempt to unite the people of India?

Champaran Movement

  1. In which year was the Champaran Mission launched?


  1. What state is Champaran located in?


  1. How many portions of land must the peasants of Champaran to compulsorily grow indigo on lease?

3/20th Share

  1. What was the second struggle undertaken by Gandhiji?

Ahmedabad Mill Workers’ Strike protest

  1. What percentage of wages did Gandhiji advise the workers of Ahmedabad to go on strike?


  1. In which year did the peasants of Kheda district request the colonial administration to cancel the land revenue collection?


  1. As per government’s famine code, in the event of crop yield being under what percentage of the average the cultivators were entitled for total remission ?


  1. With whom did Gandhi fight in the Kheda struggle?

 Vallabhbhai Patel

  1. Who founded the Servants of India Society?

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

  1. When was the Servants of India Society established?


  1. Which was the first secular organization in the country?

Servants of India Society 

  1. Where is the headquarters of the Servants of India Society located?

Pune, Maharashtra

  1. Where are the branches of the Servants of India Society located?

Chennai (Madras), Mumbai (Bombay),Allahabad and Nagpur

  1. Who was Montagu in the Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms?

 Secretary of State for India

  1. What position did Chelmsford hold?


  1. When were the Montagu–Chelmsford Reform Acts promulgated?


  1. What was the Montagu–Chelmsford reforms called later?

 Indian Councils Act of 1919

  1. Which Act enlarged the provincial legislative councils with elected majorities.?

Indian Councils Act 1919

  1. Under which Act The governments in the provinces were given more share in the administration under ‘Dyarchy.’?

Indian Councils Act 1919

  1. Under which Act were all important subjects like law and order and finance ‘reserved’ for the whitemen and were directly under the control of the Governors.?

Indian Councils Act 1919

  1. What subjects were transferred to Indian representatives under the Indian Councils Act, 1919?

Health, Education, Local Bodies etc.

  1. Out of the total 144 members in the Central Legislative Assembly, how many members should be nominated?

41 Members

  1. Out of the total 60 members in the Upper House, how many were nominated members?

26 People

  1. The Upper House known as?

the Council of States

  1. Where was the special session of the Indian National Congress held in August 1918?


  1. Under whose leadership was the group of moderate/liberal political leaders?

Surendranath Banerjee

  1. Where was the Namasutra movement started?

Bengal and eastern parts of India

  1. Where was the Adidharma movement started?

Northwestern parts of India

  1. Where did the Satyashodhak movement originate?

 Western India 

  1. Where did the Dravidian movements originate?

South India

  1. In which year did Jyoti Rao Phule’s book Gulamgiri first appear?


  1. In which period was the electoral politics introduced?

 In the 1880s

  1. What two trends emerged from the non-Brahmin movements?

One was what is called the process of ‘Sanskritisatian’ of the ‘lower’ castes and the second was a radical pro-poor and progressive peasant–labour movements.

  1. What percentage of the population were Brahmins?


  1. Under whose leadership did the Dalit-Bahujan movement emerge?


  1. Under whose leadership did the Self-Respect Movement emerge?

Thanthai Periyar E.V. Ramasamy

  1. When was the Rowlatt Act passed?

March 1919

  1. Which Act empowered the government to imprison any person without trial?

Rowlatt Act

  1. Which organisation was founded by Gandhi, which pledged to disobey the Rowlatt Act first?

Satyagraha Sabha

  1. When did Gandhi called upon the people to observe ‘hartal’ for against the Rowlatt Act?

 March-April 1919

  1. When did the Jallianwala Bagh massacre take place?

 April 13, 1919

  1. Who were the two prominent individuals whose arrest triggered the protest at Jallianwala Bagh?

Satyapal and Saifudding Kitchlew

  1. Who was the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab at the time of Jallianwala Bagh massacre?

Michael O’Dwyer

  1. Who was the Army Commander at the time of Jallianwala Bagh massacre?

 General Reginald Dyer

  1. According to government data, how many people died during the Jallianwala Bagh massacre?


  1. Who renounced his knighthood in protest against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre?

Rabindranath Tagore 

  1. “The time has come when the badge of honour makes our shame glaring in their incongruous context of humiliation, and, I for my part, wish to stand shorn of all special distinctions, by the side of those of my countrymen who for their so-called insignificance are liable to suffer degradation not fit for human beings.” who wrote this In his protest letter to the viceroy protesting the Jallianwala Bagh massacre?

Rabindranath Tagore

  1. The two immediate causes responsible for launching the non-cooperation movement were?

 Khilafat & Punjab wrongs.

  1. What was the attack on and massacre of protesters at Jallianwala Bagh called?

 Punjab atrocity

  1. When did Udham Singh assassinate Michael O’Dwyer at Caxton Hall of London?

March 30,1940

  1. Where was Udham Singh hanged for killing Michael O’Dwyer?

Pentonville jail, London

  1. At the Khilafat Conference, at the insistence of Gandhiji, when was it decided to launch the Non-Cooperation Movement?

 August 31, 1920

  1. Where was the special session of the Congress passed a resolution approving Gandhijis suggestion of noncooperation in the colonial state?

September 1920 [ Calcutta ]

  1. At which Congress session was another important resolution passed was to recognize and set up linguistic Provincial Congress Committees which drew a large number of workers into the movement?

Nagpur Congress Session

  1. When did the Nagpur Congress session take place?


  1. In order to broad base the Congress, the workers were to reach out to the villages and enroll the villagers in the Congress on what nominal fee ?

Four annas (25 paise)

  1. When did the Prince of Wales visit to several cities in India ?


  1. In which part of South India did all the people refuse to pay taxes and leave the cities in droves?


  1. Under whose leadership was the Non-Cooperation Movement conducted in Tamil Nadu?
  2. Rajagopalachari, S.Satyamurthi and Periyar E.V.R.
  3. Against whom did the farmers stage protests in Kerala during the civil disobedience movement?


  1. When did Gandhi announced that he would lead a mass civil disobedience, including no tax campaigns, at Bardoli?

 February 1922

  1. Who announced that he would lead a mass civil disobedience, including no tax campaigns, at Bardoli, if the government did not ensure press freedom and release the prisoners within seven days?


  1. Who led the tribal revolt In the Rampa region of coastal Andhra ?

Alluri Sitarama Raju

  1. How many policemen were killed in the Chauri Chaura riots?


  1. Where is Chauri Chaura located?

Gorakhpur district in Uttar Pradesh

  1. When did the Chauri Chaura incident take place?

February 5, 1922

  1. Who were critical of Gandhi, who was arrested and sentenced to six years in jail?

Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhas Chandra Bose

  1. Under whose leadership did the Turkish people rose in revolt and stripped the Sultan of his political power and abolished the Caliphate?

Mustafa Kamal Pasha

  1. What were the nationalists who followed Chittaranjan Das and Motilal Nehru called?

‘Swarajists and pro-changers’

  1. Who joined the Swaraj group from Tamil Nadu?


  1. Who led the group called No Changers?

Rajagopalachari, Vallabhai Patel and Rajendra Prasad

  1. How many seats did the Swaraj Party win out of 101 seats in the elections to the Central Legislative Assembly?

 42 Seats

  1. How many days did Gandhi fast to contain the communal frenzy?

 21 Days

  1. Who was sentenced to death in the Kakori conspiracy case?

 Ramprasad Bismil, Ashfaq-ullah

  1. Who are enraged at the police brutality and death of Lajpat Rai, killed Saunders, the British police officer who led the lathi charge at Lahore?

 Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekhar Azad, Rajguru

  1. Who led the lathi charge in Lahore?

British police officer Saunders

  1. When did Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw bombs inside the hall of the Central Legislative Assembly?

 April 8,1929

  1. In which year was the Meerut conspiracy case was filed and three dozen communist leaders were sentenced to long spells of jail terms?


  1. When was the decision to boycott the Simon Commission at the annual session of the Congress?

 1927 Madras

  1. When was the Motilal Nehru Report published?


  1. Where did the Congress meet in 1928?


  1. To conciliate the left wing it was announced that who would be the President of the next session in 1929?

Jawaharlal Nehru

  1. Who presided over the Congress session in 1928?

Motilal Nehru

  1. At which conference did the Congress proclaim the goal of Poorna Swaraj?

Lahore Congress Conference

  1. In which year was the Lahore Congress session held?


  1. When was the tricolour flag of freedom hoisted in Lahore?

 December 31, 1929

  1. Which day of every year would be celebrated as Independence Day at the Lahore Congress Convention?

January 26

  1. How far was the Dandi March planned to go from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi on the Gujarat coast?

 375 Km

  1. With how many followers did Gandhi start his Dandi March?

78 Volunteers

  1. When did Gandhi reach Dandi?

 April 6, 1930

  1. Who led the Salt Satyagraha march to Vedaranyam in Tamil Nadu?


  1. Where did the Salt Satyagraha start in Tamil Nadu?


  1. When did the Vedaranyam Salt Satyagraha Yatra begin?

April 13,1930

  1. When did Rajaji team reach Vedaranyam?

April 28,1930

  1. Who had warned the public of severe action if the Vedaranyam Salt Satyagraha marchers were harboured?

Thanjavur District Collector J.A. Thorne

  1. When was the Gandhi-Irwin Pact signed?

 March 5,1931

  1. Who attended attended the Second Round Table Conference in London as the sole representative of the Congress?


  1. Where did the Congress session adopt the Gandhi-Irwin Pact?


  1. After the failure of the Second Round Table Conference, what struggle did Gandhiji take?

Civil Disobedience Movement

  1. When did the Civil Disobedience Movement officially suspended?

May 1933

  1. When did the Civil Disobedience Movement withdrawn?

May 1934

  1. Who was at the heart of the struggles of the oppressed in the 1920s?

Dr. Ambedkar

  1. In which year did Ambedkar graduate from Elphinston College?


  1. With whose scholarship did he go to the United States for postgraduate studies?

Maharaja of Barona

  1. From which university did Ambedkar get his doctorate?

Columbia University

  1. Where did Ambedkar go for law and economics studies?


  1. When did Ambedkar attend the International Conference of Anthropology?


  1. Ambedkar attended the International Conference on Anthropology in 1916 and presented a research paper on what topic?

Castes in India

  1. the research paper Castes in India published in?

Indian Antiquary

  1. What journal did Ambedkar start to publish his views?

Mook Nayak

  1. What is the meaning of Mook Nayak?

The leader of the dumb

  1. What organization did Ambedkar start for his activities?

 Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha

  1. What is the meaning of Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha?

Association for the welfare of excluded

  1. What organization did Ambedkar start to to establish the civic right of the untouchables to public tanks and wells?

Mahad Satyagraha

  1. When did the British Government announce the Communal Reservation of Seats?

August 1932

  1. Who declared with great regret that all his life he would oppose the grant of separate electorates to the Untouchables?


  1. Where did Gandhi go on a fast unto death to protest against separate electorates?

 Yervada Jail

  1. What was the new agreement on separate electorates between Ambedkar and Gandhiji called?

Poona Pact

  1. How many parties did Ambedkar start?


  1. When did Ambedkar start the Independent Labour Party?


  1. When did Ambedkar start the Scheduled Castes Federation?


  1. In which year was Ambedkar appointed as a member of the Defence Advisory Committee?


TNPSC TNSCERT HISTORY NOTES | 12TH HISTORY | Advent of Gandhi and Mass Mobilisation

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